ARMSTRONG WHITWORTH AVIATION

ARGOSY



RAF Aircraft - 2nd 20

2nd 20 aircraft all had the XP prefix

XP408-XP413 inc
XP437-XP450 inc

408 | 409 | 410 | 411 | 412 | 413
437 | 438 | 439 | 440 | 441 | 442 | 443 | 444 | 445 | 446 | 447 | 448 | 449 | 450

c/n 6763 XP408 - Contract KD/2K/011
2nd March 1962 first flight.
3rd of May 1962 delivered to 105 Squadron.
5th of December 1968 transferred to 114/267 Squadron pool and back to 114.
25th of October 1971 to 5MU.
15th of June 1973 sold to Rolls Royce and scrapped for spares.

6763 XP408 with ARDET fin badge, Benson, 19 September 1970

c/n 6764 XP409 - Contract KD/2K/011
15th March 1962 first flight.
11th of May 1962 delivered to 105 Squadron.
31st of January 1968 transferred to the 114/267 Squadron pool.
18th of May 1970 transferred to 70 Squadron.
11th of November 1970 to 27MU.
Later it became 8197M but was not taken up.
26th of September 1972 to RAF Halton as 8221M.
March 1979 to Winterbourne Gunner for ground instructional use.
Scrapped 1985.

6764 XP409 as 8221M at Halton 23 April 74
Photo Robin A Walker

c/n 6765 XP410 - Contract KD/2K/011
27 March 1962 first flight.
22nd of May 1962 delivered to 105 Squadron.
31st of January 1968 transferred to the 114/267 Squadron pool at RAF Benson.
5th of May 1970 transfrerred to 70 Squadron.
31st of March 1971 to 5MU.
15th of June 1973 sold to Rolls Royce and scrapped for spares.

6765 XP410 Mombasa 9 Sept 65
Picture Source

c/n 6766 XP411 - Contract KD/2K/011
6th of April 1962 first flight.
1st of June 1962 delivered to 105 Squadron at RAF Benson.
13th of August Squadron moved to RAF Khormasker to join Air Force Middle East.
31st of January 1968 transferred to the 114/267 Squadron pool at RAF Benson.
In April of that year it was alotted by HQ Maintenance Command to Hawker Siddeley Aircraft and a trial hydraulic jettison valve was fitted on behalf of the Ministry of Technology. It was released from these trials on the 23rd of April 1968 and returned to the 114/267 Squadron pool.
On the 4th of June 1970 it suffered Cat 3R damage and was repaired by No. 71 MU (maintenance unit) returning to duty on the 30th of June 1970.
On the 7th of July 1970 it joined 70 Squadron at RAF Akrotiri Cyprus who named it Excalibur but it was put in storage at No. 27 MU at RAF Shawbury and March of 1972 moved to No. 5 MU at RAF Kemble.
In March 1974 it went to No. 23 MU at RAF Aldergrove for overhaul and was repainted in the red/white colour scheme of training command, which it still has to this day. From there it went to No. 6 Flight Training School at RAF Finningley on the 8th of October 1974 and redesignated Argosy T Mk.1. In this role it was used for crew familiarisation in anticipation of delivery of the Argosy T Mk. 2s, but these did not go ahead and as 8442M it went to No. 2 School of Technical Training at RAF Cosford on the 22nd of May 1975.
In April 1988 it was transferred to Royal Air Force Museum at RAF Cosford where it is today.
Detailed history of XP411 from RAF Museum

6766 XP411 at Cosford in Training Command colours
6766 XP411 at Cosford in Training Command colours

c/n 6767 XP412 - Contract KD/2K/011
19th April 1962 first flight.
25th of June 1962 delivered to 105 Squadron.
10th of January 1968 transferred to the 114/267 Squadron pool at RAF Benson.
7th of May 1970 transferred to 115 Squadron.
5th of May 1972 transferred to 70 Squadron to be named Hamilcar.
9th or 22nd of May 1975 sold to Field Aircraft Services for Air Bridge Carriers. While registered as G-BDCV, it was never used because of difficulties in getting it certified by the Air Registration Board of the UK.
1980 stripped for spares at Castle Donington, Derby UK and sold for scrap.

6767 XP412 90 Sigals Group, 115 Squadron Cottesmore 10 July 71

c/n 6768 XP413 - Contract KD/2K/011
8th July 1962 first flight.
2nd of July 1962 delivered to 105 Squadron
23rd of March 1964 ditched in Aden harbour while on crew training. Due to the prompt action of the engineering team it was recovered, dismantled and returned to Hawker Siddley Aviation in the UK on the 20th of June 1964 by surface transport. In the UK it was totally refurbished and transferred to 242 Operational Conversion Unit (OCU) on the 5th of May 1966.
It went to 27MU on the 2nd of January 1969.
16th of June 1969 delivered to 115 Squadron on conversion to E Mk.1.
Struck off charge on the 1st of May 1976 at RAF Fairford and scrapped.

6768 XP413

c/n 6769 XP437 - Contract KD/2K/011
23rd May 1962 first flight.
25th of July 1962 delivered to 105 Squadron.
30th of January 1968 transferred to the 114/267 Squadron pool at RAF Benson.
12th of May 1970 to 5MU.
17th of October 1975 sold to Rolls Royce and scrapped for spares.

6769 XP437 at Salalah 29 Oct 68
Air-Britain Photographic Images Collection

c/n 6770 XP438 - Contract KD/2K/011
4th June 1962 first flight.
14th of August 1962 delivered to 105 Squadron.
14th of December 1967 transferred to the 114/267 Squadron pool at RAF Benson.
11th of October 1971 to 5MU.
7th of October 1975 sold to Rolls Royce and scrapped for spares.

6770 XP438 114 Squadron at Chivenor 7 Aug 71

c/n 6771 XP439 - Contract KD/2K/011
18th August 1962 first flight.
4th September 1962 delivered to 105 Squadron.
7th of November 1967 delivered to 115 Squadron after conversion to E Mk.1 and named Theseus.
13th of September 1977 to RAF Lossiemouth as 8558M.

6771 XP439 Coltishall 8 July 76
Air-Britain Photographic Images Collection

c/n 6772 XP440 - Contract KD/2K/011
28th June 1962 first flight.
21st of September 1962 delivered to 105 Squadron.
31st of January 1968 transferred to 114/267 Squadron pool.
1st of December 1971 to 5MU.
22nd of May 1975 sold to Rolls Royce and scrapped for spares.

6772  XP440 Benson 14 Sept 68

c/n 6773 XP441 - Contract KD/2K/011
16 July 1962 first flight.
1st of October 1962 delivered to 114 Squadron.
1st March 1963 transferred to 267 Squadron.
1967/8 one record shows it went back to 114 Squadrron but I think it went to the 114/267 Squadron pool.
4 June 1970 the aircraft crashed whist landing at Benson during a training flight and was written off. The pilot Flt Lt Charles Spooner described what happened.

At the time of landing, due to a gusting crosswind, the main runway had been changed to the secondary runway but a gusting crosswind still existed. The aircraft was in the round-out stage following a three engined approach to land with the port outer engine feathered. The aircraft was below Vmca and therefore committed to land. During the round-out to land the aircraft bounced. At this point the Training Captain took control, increased to full power on the 3 live engines and applied full right rudder but was unable to control the aircraft. At no time was the aircraft under power solely from the two inner engines. I found this a frightening situation and my immediate thought was to raise the drag flap. The aircraft did not stall or cartwheel, but being out of control, did a slow descending turn to the left until hitting the ground. I was never given the chance to give this information to the Board of Inquiry.

He added that after the accident he was employed as a flying instructor for nine years until leaving the RAF in 1979.

Accident description from Aviation Safety Network

6773  XP441 following crash

c/n 6774 XP442 - Contract KD/2K/011
2nd August 1962 first flight.
19th of October 1962 delivered to 114 Squadron. During its time with 114 it did a spell with the Ministry of Aviation (MoA) and when the 114/267 pool was formed it joined it.
22nd of May 1973 to Hawker Siddly Aviation via the Ministry of Defence (Procurement Executive) (MoD (PE)) to be converted to T Mk 2.
2nd of October 1975 to RAF Halton as 8454M.

6774 XP442 8454M Halton 18 June 88
Air-Britain Photographic Images Collection

c/n 6775 XP443 - Contract KD/2K/011
22nd August 1962 first flight.
23rd of October 1962 delivered to 114 Squadron or 267 Squadron. If the 267 version is correct it then went to 114 Squadron on the 1st of June 1970, if not it spent all its operational life with 114 Squadron.
21st of October 1971 to 27MU.
3rd of February 1972 to 5MU.
18th of August 1975 sold to Field Aviation and scrapped for spares.

XP443 - 267 Squadron
Picture Source - ARDET website

c/n 6776 XP444 - Contract KD/2K/011
6th September 1962 first flight.
28th of November 1962 delivered to 267 Squadron.
1st of July 1963 transferred to 215 Squadron, named Helios.
15th of January 1968 transferred to 70 Squadron, and used as a VIP aircraft, I think 28th of February 1975 an unconfirmed report has it going to RAF Luqa, Malta TASF
3rd of November 1975 to RAF Cosford as 8455M, scrapped 1988.

6776 XP444 8455M Cosford 16 June 84
Air-Britain Photographic Images Collection

c/n 6777 XP445 - Contract KD/2K/011
25th Septmber 1962 first flight.
11th of December 1962 delivered to 267 Squadron.
1st July 1963 transferred to 215 Squadron, named Eros.
9th of October 1967 transferred to 70 Squadron.
15th of June 1973 sold to Rolls Royce and scrapped for spares.

6777 XP445 70 Squadron Akrotiri June 69

c/n 6778 XP446 - Contract KD/2K/011
4th October 1962 first flight.
7th of March 1963 delivered to 267 Squadron.
1st of July 1963 transferrd to 215 Squadron, named Cheiron.
7th of November 1967 transferred 70 Squadron.
30th of May 1970 to 5MU.
Then to Hawker Siddley Avaiation to be converted to T Mk 2.
26th of January 1976 bought by Shackleton Aviation Services who on sold it to Otrag Range Air Services of Zaire, registered as 9Q-COE.
Damaged beyond repair in a heavy landing at Lubumbashi Congo (former Zaire) on the 1st of June 1979.
Accident description from Aviation Safety Network

XP446, primer around nose indicates T2 mod just completed, Bournemouth

c/n 6779 XP447 - Contract KD/2K/011
7th of March 1963 delivered to 267 Squadron.
1st of July 1963 transferred to 215 Squadron, named Horatious.
7th of November 1967 transferred to 70 Squadron.
6th of June 1970 to 27MU.
12th of January 1972 to 5MU.
5th of November 1974 to Hawker Siddley Aviation to be converted to T Mk 2.
10th of February 1976 bought by Management Jets International to be operated by Duncan Aviation as N1430Z on contract to the Bureau of Land Management. It was withdrawn from service in 1991 when the contract came to an end. However, there is some indication that it may have become active after this. At some point in time this aircraft did a charter for Navada Surveyor to Ivotuk, North Slope Alaska to locate the western boundary of the PET-4 Naval Petroleum Reserve. It was on display at the Museum of Flying, Santa Monica, California. It is now at the Milestones of Flight Museum - Lancaster-Fox Field, CA.

XP447 at RAF El Adem, 6 August 1968
Air-Britain Photographic Images Collection

c/n 6780 XP448 - Contract KD/2K/011
29th October 1962 first flight..
Delivered to Benson for 215 Squadron. This was one of the first aircraft to leave for Singapore. With Sqn Ldr John Leary as the captain it departed Benson at 0800 on 18 July 1963 arriving at Changi on the morning of 24 July, flight time 34hrs 15mins. Named Castor by 215 Squadron.
It is claimed in one report that it operated with 70 Squadron.
17th of January 1968 transferred to 115 Squadron on conversion to E Mk.1 and named Iris IV.
11th of March 1968 to 27MU.
October 1969 transferred back to 115 Squadron.
18th of January 1978 struck off charge and sent to RAF Catterick for fire practice.

6780 XP448 IRIS IV 115 Squadron

c/n 6781 XP449 - Contract KD/2K/011
13th November 1962 first flight.
12th of March 1963 delivered to 267 Squadron.
1st of July 1963 transferred to 215 Squadron, named Rylas.
9th of October 1967 transferred to 70 Squadron.
2nd of July 1970 transferred to 115 Squadron on conversion to E Mk.1.
15th of October 1970 to 27MU.
22nd of May 1972 to 5MU.
13th of October 1975 sold to Hants and Sussex Aviation and scrapped for spares.

XP449

c/n 6782 XP450 - Contract KD/2K/011
29th November 1962 first flight.
13th of March 1963 delivered to 267 Squadron.
1st of July 1963 transferred to 215 Squadron, named Pelias.
28th of February 1968 transfered to 70 Squadron.
At some time it transferred to 115 Squadron and during this time it went to Trials Flight at RAF Cottesmore, but I do not have details.
25th of February 1975 to 5MU.
22nd of May 1976 bought by Shackleton Aviation Services who sold it on to Philippines Air Lines to become RP-C1192.
Broken up in Manila 1983.

XP450 at Kemble 24 May 1975
Air-Britain Photographic Images Collection

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